[Solved] Error in plot.new() : figure margins too large

The error in plot.new() : figure margins too large occur if the plot panel in the RStudio is too small for the margins you are trying to create.

In this tutorial, we will learn how to resolve error in plot.new() : figure margins too large issue using several ways

What is error in plot.new() : figure margins too large?

Let us create a simple plot to demonstrate this issue.

# Draw a simple scatter plot
plot(1:40)

Output

Error in plot.new() : figure margins too large

When we run the above code in our R Studio, we will be getting an error in plot.new() : figure margins too large.

Image 2
Plot Panel

If you observe the plot window in the screenshot, it is too small to plot the figure in the given space.

How to fix error in plot.new() : figure margins too large?

There are several ways to fix the issue. Let us look at each of these solutions in detail.

Solution 1 – Increase the plot panel size

The quickest and easiest way to resolve the issue is to increase the size of the plot panel in RStudio.

Since it is not a code issue and has something to do with the plot panel size, after increasing the panel size, you can run the code once again and see that issue is fixed.

Error In Plot.new() : Figure Margins Too Large
RStudio Plot Panel

Solution 2 – Use the par() function

The par() method sets the margin for the plots as shown below.

Syntax –

par(mar=c(5.1, 4.1, 4.1, 2.1), mgp=c(3, 1, 0), las=0)

Parameters – 

  • mar – A numeric vector of length 4, which sets the margin sizes in the following order: bottom, left, top, and right. The default is c(5.1, 4.1, 4.1, 2.1).

These are the default values; however, we can tweak these values to make the margin much smaller so the plot can fit properly.

#adjust plot margins
par(mar = c(1, 1, 1, 1))

# Draw a simple scatter plot
plot(1:40)

Solution 3- Using dev.off() method

The dev.off() method will remove any plot settings used earlier and create a graphics device with default settings.

Alternatively, you can also execute the below command in the R Console to shut down all open graphics devices.

graphics.off()

The broomstick icon in the plot panel will help you to Clear All Plots in the Plots tab, and you can run the code once again.

Image 4
Broomstick Icon RStudio to Clear all Plots
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